澳门金沙国际 1

China’s capital, Beijing, has announced measures to combat worsening air
pollution, state-run media report.

Words and Phrases


原来一概而论感觉是“远程给药”,实际应该翻译为“远程医疗”。因为medicine自个儿除了药品之外,就有临床的趣味:Medicine is
the treatment of illness and injuries by doctors and nurses.

Thanks to IT, patients can now have telemedicine at home.


You use predictive to describe something such as a test, science,
or theory that is concerned with determining what will happen in the
future. (FORMAL)


Input methods use predictive texting to show the words you are likely
to type.

a host of

■a large number of something    许多,大量

There’s a whole host of reasons why he didn’t get the

I always have a host of things to complain about.

cardiac arrest

Cardiac means relating to the heart. (MEDICAL)

cardiac arrest is a heart attack. (MEDICAL)

The prisoner’s death was attributed to a cardiac arrest.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

A method used to keep someone alive in a medical emergency, in which
you blow into their mouth then press on their chest and then repeat
the process    心肺苏醒

to administer/perform CP奥迪Q5   推行心肺复苏

cardiopulmonary 与心肺有关的 from cardio-(pertaining to the
the lungs)

If you resuscitate someone who has stopped breathing, you cause
them to start breathing again.

We should brush up on cardiopulmonary resuscitation every year.

help doctors with grubby hands to take notes and to request scans

grubby person or object is rather dirty.

If you call an activity or someone’s behaviour grubby, you mean
that it is not completely honest or respectable.

作者的知道是赞助有grubby hands的大夫来做速记和供给做扫描,正是说grubby

one manifestation of a drive to disrupt an industry that has so
far largely failed to deliver on澳门金沙国际, the potential of digital

If you say that something is manifest, you mean that it is clearly
true and that nobody would disagree with it if they saw it or
considered it. (FORMAL) =patent

If you manifest a particular quality, feeling, or illness, or if
it manifests itself, it becomes visible or obvious. (FORMAL)

manifestation of something is one of the different ways in which
it can appear. (FORMAL)

Shared bike is a manifestation of sharing economy.

drive is a special effort made by a group of people for a
particular purpose. =campaign

The ANC is about to launch a nationwide recruitment drive…

A long walk for an egg is a drive to raise money for children in the
rural area.

deliver DO STH YOU SHOULD DO 做相应做的事, [I,T] to do or
provide the things you are expected to, because you are responsible
for them or they are part of your job  实践职分(承诺); 兑现: 

The company will deliver on its promises. 该商厦将落到实处承诺。

As a party member, you should deliver on your vow.

gather pace

( = happen more quickly ) 加火速度

Enemy’s penetration is gathering pace.

Eliminating a fraction of this sum

fraction 分数(几分之几)

fraction of something is a tiny amount or proportion of it.

I opened my eyes just a fraction.

汽车污染治理方法,二零一九年军事学报考博士硕士斯洛伐克(Slovak)语医生伤者关系类写作素材。Could you just stop playing games for a fraction of second and grab
something to eat?

sift data on outcomes for patients

(EXAMINE)/sɪft/ verb[T] to make a close examination of all the parts
of something in order to find something or to separate what is useful
from what is not

Big data is not equivalenc to tremendous amount of raw data, which
must be sifted.

Fitbits are frequently derided for ending up in the back of a drawer

If you deride someone or something, you say that they are stupid
or have no value. (FORMAL)

Today, warm-hearted people are derided as fools.

The startup is a good hedge for Sanofi…

Something that is a hedge against something unpleasant will
protect you from its effects.

Insurance is a good hedge for injuries in your tour.

blockbuster insulin medication

blockbuster is a film or book that is very popular and
successful, usually because it is very exciting. (INFORMAL)

Wolverine 3 is a recent blockbuster.

insulin 胰岛素

Diabetics are dependent on insulin.

that are most lucrative in commercial system

lucrative activity, job, or business deal is very profitable.

Internet business is very lucrative nowadays.

inpatient stays in hospitals

inpatient /ˈɪn.peɪ.ʃənt/ noun[C] a person who goes into hospital
to receive medical care, and stays there one or more nights while they
are being treated 住院伤者 also an adjective.

More and more illnesses don’t need to take inpatient treatment.

outpatient /ˈaʊt.peɪ.ʃənt/ noun[C] a person who goes to a
hospital for treatment, but who does not stay any nights there

The week-long smog has caused the surge of respiratory outpatients.

demand for mammograms

mammogram is a test used to check whether women have breast
cancer, using x-rays.

Greekgramma”that which is drawn; a picture, a drawing; that which is
written, a character, an alphabet letter, written letter, piece of

spells in hospital

(PERIOD)/spel/ noun[C] a period of time for which an activity or
condition lasts continuously

Students are required to join a two-week spell of military training.

carried around by doctors and nurses

carry around字面意思正是带着四处跑,也即是随身带领

Computers are now small enough to carry around.

detect concussions

If you suffer concussion after a blow to your head, you lose
consciousness or feel sick or confused. 脑震荡

… for use as a contraceptive

contraceptive is a device or drug that prevents a woman from
becoming pregnant. 也可作形容词。

predict the onset of Alzheimer’s /’æltshaɪmərz/, Parkinson’s or even
the menopause /m’enəpɔːz/

The onset of something is the beginning of it, used especially to
refer to something unpleasant. = start

The conflict was the onset of a war of eight years.

The menopause is the time during which a woman gradually stops
menstruating, usually when she is about fifty years old.

regulations on health data are less onerous

If you describe a task as onerous, you dislike having to do it
because you find it difficult or unpleasant. (FORMAL)

Looking after a baby is onerous, let alone twins.

A GP is a doctor who does not specialize in any particular area of
medicine, but who has a medical practice in which he or she treats all
types of illness. GP is an abbreviation for `general practitioner’.
全科医师 Doctors are sometimes referred to
as practitioners or medical practitioners. (FORMAL)

cavalier with their users’ data

(WITHOUT CARE)/ˌkæv.əlˈɪəʳ/US/-ˈɪr/ adjective DISAPPROVING
thoughtless and not caring about other people’s feelings or safety

He treated me in a cavalier manner.

原题目:华慧报考博士博士:今年经济学报考博士博士克罗地亚共和国(Republic of Croatia)语医生病者关系类写作素材

朱迪丝 Moritz 的通信:

They include taking half of the city’s four million private cars off the
roads on days when there are serious levels of pollution.

Mind map

澳门金沙国际 2

澳门金沙国际 3

  Motorists over 70 are considered to be amongst the safest on the
road。 Many avoid rush-hour and late-night driving and are said to cause
fewer accident-related injuries than younger drivers。

The system will be based on a vehicle’s licence plate – odd numbers will
be allowed on the roads one day, even numbers the next.




  But more of them than ever are being stopped from driving for
medical reasons。 In 2011 just over 10,000 over-70s were banned because
of their health。 By last year, that figure had risen by a third to
nearly 13,000 drivers。

Motor vehicles are considered a major source of pollution.


  The DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency) says it is not
clear why there has been such a surge in the number of older drivers
losing their licence on health grounds。

The new system will give out four different degrees of air pollution
warning – blue, yellow, amber and red, Xinhua news agency reports.

Violence against doctors in China has become a familiar occurrence.

  Glossary 词汇表 


China is no stranger to hospital brawls(争吵).



Violence against medical staff has made headlines in recent years,
underscoring strained doctor-patients in China.



Medical professionals across China are increasingly becoming victims of
physical violence at the hands of disgruntled patients.



Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every
month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or
physical violence from patients.


Cars drive on a motorway towards Madrid, Spain December 28, 2016

Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every
month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or
physical violence from patients.


Madrid has ordered half of most private cars off the roads on Thursday
to tackle worsening air pollution, a first in Spain.

Violence against doctors and other medical practitioners in China has
been reported as an increasing problem.

  medical reasons由于医治原因

The restrictions will operate between 6.30am and 9pm. The city council
said in a statement: “vehicles with even-number registration plates will
be allowed to drive around on even-number days and cars with odd-number
registration plates on odd-number days”.

In recent years, disputes between doctors and patients in China have
been increasingly common, resulting in frequent bouts of “verbal
violence”, physical altercates and even severe injuries and death in the
most extreme cases.


The measure is activated when levels of harmful nitrogen dioxide in the
atmosphere go above 200 microgrammes per cubic metre in at least two
measuring stations for two days running, and if the air is unlikely to
clear imminently.

As China’s health sector has become increasingly commercialized,
conflicts between patients and doctors have been escalating, sometimes
even erupting in violence against health professionals.


On Thursday, city environment councillor Ines Sabanes said the ban would
not be extended as smog levels had dropped by the required amount. Other
measures, including a ban on street parking for non-residents and
reduced speed limits, will continue.



Four of world’s biggest cities to ban diesel cars from their centres

Doctors are obviously a disadvantaged group in society,” says an
orthopedist at a prestigious Beijing hospital who speaks on condition of
anonymity. “We have spent so much of our youth on a medical degree that
yields so little economic reward. And in the end, we become like a
public enemy.


Read more

Even worse, the attacks have already been shown to severely dampen the
morale of doctors.


There are exceptions to the ban, such as for mopeds, hybrid cars, those
carrying three people or more or used by disabled people. Buses, taxis
and emergency vehicles are also exempt.

Violence against doctors has been cited as one reason for a decrease in
the popularity of medicine as a profession.


“It’s not about traffic restrictions but about the important issue of
public health,” deputy mayor Marta Higueras said. “Lots of people suffer
from breathing problems and are very affected by pollution.”

In most western countries, medicine is a profession that guarantees
prestige, high salaries—and the approval of parents who love to brag
about “my child the doctor”. But in China, the reverse is increasingly
true: doctors are ill-paid, overworked and maligned or –while many
parents would prefer that they became bankers instead. Even Chinese
doctors overwhelmingly prefer their children not to follow them into the

  on health grounds基于健康理由



There is a severe shortage of medical resources in China.

  实习编辑:王雨欣 小编:赵润琰

In recent years, some patients have resorted to violent attacks when
they are not satisfied with the medical services received.

Doctors are often blamed if a patient fails to recover or dies—even if
the ailment is terminal and no malpractice has occurred.

Historical precedent, culture and economics all factor into creating the
reality that is today’s doctor-patient relationship.

In some cases, doctors charged with saving lives are having their own
cut short—murdered in cold blood over financial concerns, unhappiness
with the quality of treatment, or the unfortunate death of a loved one
who was under their care.

The root cause of these tragedies may correlated with the surprisingly
low opinion many Chinese have of doctors—considered among the most
prestigious and respectable professions in Western societies.

What could have caused such a tragedy to occur? The relatively high cost
of treatment in a country where the average monthly salary is less than
$600 may be one factor.

Social conflict, loss of trust, and unbalanced demand and supply of
medical resources underlie the rise in violence.

Many of the reported attacks on Chinese medical practitioners have been
by patients or their family members who were dissatisfied with the care
they received.

Violence may stem from patient dissatisfaction with care, costs
associated with insurance premiums, unrealistic expectations, and
overworked and underpaid hospital staff, as well as the rising cost of
health care due to the government’s inability to subsidize hospital
operations. Lack of a third-party formal dispute resolution system in
many hospitals has been suggested as a factor, and the acceptance of
bribes or good-faith money in the form of red packets has been
implicated. Media coverage, and a lack of health literacy amongst the
Chinese population, who may often seek unnecessary high-level care, have
also been implicated.


The increased violence has drawn widespread attention from the public,
who have called for more effective solutions.

Enough awareness must be attached to the severity and complexity of
medical dispute in China.

A spate of attacks on doctors and nurses in the past two years has
prompted the health ministry to provide better security at hospitals.

The government needs to invest more funds to improve the healthcare
sector, especially because it is still very difficult for poor people to
get proper medical care. The lack of medical facilities for the
lower-income group has led to many conflicts for which doctors have been

The Chinese police will crack down on hospital-related crimes and show
zero tolerance to perpetrators who assault and injure medical personnel.

The government is currently working on reforming the medical industry,
including breaking the tie between the doctor’s income and the
hospital’s profitability. The hope is that this action will go far
toward improving doctor-patient trust.

Chinese state media has condemned each of the attacks, with the Ministry
of Public Security requiring hospitals with more than 2,000 patients to
have at least 100 security guards present. But economic and legal issues
still persist—including the for-profit nature of many hospitals and the
lack of a clear route for patients to file malpractice claims.

The safety improvements did raise their sense of safety but does not
tackle the fundamental problems that cause strained relationships
between doctors and patients.归来博客园,查看越多